It is important for any driver to choose the “right” winter tires – the safety of road users depends on their quality, reliability and durability. Winters in any region are a serious endurance test for both drivers and cars: freezing rains, prolonged snowfalls, sudden changes in weather, ice.
In any country, it is forbidden to ride summer tires from December to February, but it is allowed to use Velcro – non-studded winter tires all year round.
It is recommended to “change shoes” the car with the onset of cold weather, when the thermometer starts to drop below +7 ° C. I will tell you how to choose winter passenger tires.
Understand which Tires Are Needed: Studded or Frictional
The choice depends on the operating conditions of the tires, therefore it is important to determine the geography of trips before buying. Many tire manufacturing brands use DIN abrasion Tester to check their tire’s rubber and material quality. The companies that use this abrasion testing machine will definitely offer you a better tire than others. So please also check this while purchasing a new tire.
If you are going to drive on off-road and snowy roads, it is better to opt for studded tires. The number of studs and their location determines how “obedient” your car will be.
Studded tires damage the road during operation, so the number of studs on tires is limited by law: no more than 60 studs per running meter of tread. A medium tire like 205 / 55R16 should have 110-120 studs.
The correct position of the studs in the contact patch of the tire with the road also plays a role. It is not even about the number of studs, but about the number of traction lines of the studs: whether they are evenly distributed over the contact area and whether the working track of one stud falls into the track of another.
In order for the tires to last a long time and lose a minimum of studs while driving, you need to run in – drive 400-500 kilometers in a quiet mode, without sudden maneuvers and braking.
If in your region it is sleet for most of the winter or there is no snow at all and you plan to move only around the city, the best solution would be to install frictionless, studless tires. Compared to studded tires, they are quieter and perform better during acceleration and braking on asphalt.
Read the Label
The manufacturer places quite a lot of markings on the sidewall of the tire , however, the bearing capacity index, the speed category, the standard size, and the seasonality are important for the car owner. The rest of the designations are industrial.
Winter tires must be labeled Winter or M + S, which means they are designed for slush and snow. The 3PMSF designation indicates that the tire is prepared for difficult winter road conditions. To read about the Northern Rescue Season 2, please read it.
Bearing capacity indices and speed categories are indicated by a two-digit number and a Latin letter. For example, the Viatti Brina size 195 / 50R15 has 82T. This means that the tire will carry a load of 475 kg at a top speed of 190 km / h.